Migraine or painful headaches is a clinical condition characterized by complex and extensive variety of symptoms. Migraine triggers can be physical acts or external, variations, any events that can stimulate into a migraine attack within short span of time (around 6-8 hours time period). It is not easy all at times to identify a trigger and almost any factor can predispose an individual to a migraine attack.
Even if treatments are available for it, the sources of migraine and chronic migraine are not properly clear as of yet. Check out what we do and don’t know about the causes of migraine headaches.
Migraine Headache Symptoms
Anybody who has experienced a migraine will be familiar with this: Migraine headaches are very agonizing. These strong headaches generally cause nausea, vomiting, smells, light, sensitivity to sounds and vision alterations. In case if you are suffering from sporadic migraines, the headache and symptoms might last for couple of days. On the other hand if you are suffering from chronic migraines, though its symptoms might occur 15 days or more each month.
What Causes Migraines?
Migraine headaches are a little bit of a mystery. Researchers have recognized potential causes, but still there has not been a decisive cause which has been confirmed. Probable theories consist of:
- Central nervous system syndrome. A fundamental disorder may perhaps set off a migraine occurrence whenever the condition is triggered.
- Vascular problem. Irregularities in the brain’s blood vessel system may cause migraines.
- Genes. Having a family member who experiences migraine headaches intensify your threat for suffering from migraines, subsequently researchers suspect an inherited gene may possibly cause migraines.
- Chemical abnormalities. Several types of brain chemicals and nerve pathways are active in the course of a migraine headache. Abnormalities in a few of these parts may possibly cause migraine.
What Can Trigger a Migraine?
Unfortunately, because scientists have not been able to recognize a particular cause, the best possible ways to avoid migraines is to just avoid whatever triggers them. Migraine triggers are exclusive to each and every individual. Whatsoever might be causing a migraine for one person might not necessary are same for someone else. It’s not unusual for an individual to have several migraine triggers. The most prominent migraine triggers include:
- Food. Salty foods or fermented foods, such as cheese and salami, might possibly cause migraine headaches. Highly processed foodstuffs can also trigger a migraine headache in an individual.
- Skipping meals. Individuals with a history of migraines are recommended not to skip meals or fast unless you have consulted your doctor first. Skipping on a meal can cause a migraine.
- Drink. Some researchers have testified that excessive caffeine consumption and alcohol may trigger migraine. So it is recommended to control your intake of alcohol, tea, coffee, soft drinks and energy drinks.
- Foods Additives. Some artificial sweeteners, such as Acesulfame potassium, aspartame and etc. might also trigger migraine headaches. The popular preservative mono-sodium glutamate (MSG) can, too. Read labels to avoid them.
- Sensory stimulation. Unusually bright lights, loud noises, or strong smells can also trigger your migraine headache, also flashing lights or bright sun. Strong scents, such as perfume, paint, and cigarette smoke, are very common triggers of migraine.
- Hormonal changes. Hormone modifications are particularly common migraine trigger for women. Unstable levels of estrogen can also trigger migraine headaches. For instance, many women report increasing migraine headaches right before or even during their period. That’s because estrogen levels fall intensely in the course of that time. Other women may develop hormone-induced migraines during pregnancy or menopause.
- Hormone medications. Medications for instance birth control and hormone replacement therapies can trigger or worsen a migraine headache. On the other hand, in some cases, these medicines can in fact decrease a woman’s migraine headaches.
- Other medications. Vasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, can also possibly trigger a migraine headache.
- Stress. Persistent mental stress can cause migraines. Home life and work life are two of the most prominent sources of stress. Stress harms your body and your mind if you aren’t capable to control it efficiently.
- Physical stress. Extreme workouts, physical exertion, and even sexual activity might possibly trigger migraine headaches.
- Sleep cycle changes. If you’re not getting regular, routine sleep, you may experience more migraines. Don’t bother trying to “make up” for lost sleep on the weekends one or the other way too much of sleep is just as probable to cause a headache.
- Weather changes. What Mother Nature is doing outside may affect how you feel from inside. Fluctuations in climatic conditions and shifts in atmospheric pressure can also trigger a migraine.
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